Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Classifications of Fonts

Old Style- Generally characterized by low contrast between thick and bracketed serifs, thick and thin strokes , and a left-leaning axis or stress. There are two groups of Old Style typefaces: Venetian (Renaissance) and Garalde (Baroque).

Examples: Palatino, Sabon, Centaur, Garamond.

Transitional- A transition between renaissance old style and modern typefaces. It has a tall x-height, medium contrast between thick and thin strokes, less left-inclined stress than earlier Old Style faces. It also has a triangular flat tip where diagonal strokes meet.

Examples: Baskerville, Times New Roman, Bell, Perpetua, Caslon.

Modern- High contrast between thick and thin strokes and flat serifs. Later variations include slab serifs with bolder serifs. Harder to read than previous and later typestyles. Developed in the late 18th century.

Examples: Bodoni, Didot, Bernhard Modern Roman, Walbaum, Bauer Bodoni.

Slab Serif- Evolved from the Modern style. Square, larger, and bolder than serifs of previous typstyles. Further divided into Clarendon, Typwriter, and Slab Serif.

Examples: Clarendon, American Typewriter, Rockwell, Belizio, Serifa.

Sans Serif- Does not have serifs. Extra strokes at the end of main vertical and horizontal strokes of some letterforms are called sans serif (without serif). Five main classifications: Grotesque, Neo-Grotesque, Geometric, Humanist, and Informal.

Examples: Arial, Helvetica, Verdana, Futura, Univers.

Script- Similar to cursive letters, this typeface is based on fluid handwritten strokes.

Examples: Brush Script, Casual Script, Handwriting, English Roundhand, Rationalized Script.

Blackletter- Based on early written forms. Features elaborate thick to thin strokes and serifs. A solution to making text as visually interesting as the complex illustrations surrounding it.

Examples: Schwabacher, Textura, Rotunda, Fraktur, Old English.

Grunge- Use special effects to create a synthetic or organic texture on the typeface.

Examples: Graffiti, Stencil, Almanach, Addlethorpe, Alta.

Monospaced- A typeface where all characters have the exact same width.

Examples: Typewriter, Arete Mono, Chunkfeeder, Chainprinter, Arial.

Undeclared- a mixture of all types of fonts.

Examples: Copperplate Gothic, Optima, Gotham, Fixedsys, Cooper Black.



- Designed by David Berlow and released by the Font Bureau in 1987.
-Roman, Italics, Bold, Bold Italic, Black, Black Italic.

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