Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Classifications of Fonts

Old Style- Generally characterized by low contrast between thick and bracketed serifs, thick and thin strokes , and a left-leaning axis or stress. There are two groups of Old Style typefaces: Venetian (Renaissance) and Garalde (Baroque).

Examples: Palatino, Sabon, Centaur, Garamond.

Transitional- A transition between renaissance old style and modern typefaces. It has a tall x-height, medium contrast between thick and thin strokes, less left-inclined stress than earlier Old Style faces. It also has a triangular flat tip where diagonal strokes meet.

Examples: Baskerville, Times New Roman, Bell, Perpetua, Caslon.

Modern- High contrast between thick and thin strokes and flat serifs. Later variations include slab serifs with bolder serifs. Harder to read than previous and later typestyles. Developed in the late 18th century.

Examples: Bodoni, Didot, Bernhard Modern Roman, Walbaum, Bauer Bodoni.

Slab Serif- Evolved from the Modern style. Square, larger, and bolder than serifs of previous typstyles. Further divided into Clarendon, Typwriter, and Slab Serif.

Examples: Clarendon, American Typewriter, Rockwell, Belizio, Serifa.

Sans Serif- Does not have serifs. Extra strokes at the end of main vertical and horizontal strokes of some letterforms are called sans serif (without serif). Five main classifications: Grotesque, Neo-Grotesque, Geometric, Humanist, and Informal.

Examples: Arial, Helvetica, Verdana, Futura, Univers.

Script- Similar to cursive letters, this typeface is based on fluid handwritten strokes.

Examples: Brush Script, Casual Script, Handwriting, English Roundhand, Rationalized Script.

Blackletter- Based on early written forms. Features elaborate thick to thin strokes and serifs. A solution to making text as visually interesting as the complex illustrations surrounding it.

Examples: Schwabacher, Textura, Rotunda, Fraktur, Old English.

Grunge- Use special effects to create a synthetic or organic texture on the typeface.

Examples: Graffiti, Stencil, Almanach, Addlethorpe, Alta.

Monospaced- A typeface where all characters have the exact same width.

Examples: Typewriter, Arete Mono, Chunkfeeder, Chainprinter, Arial.

Undeclared- a mixture of all types of fonts.

Examples: Copperplate Gothic, Optima, Gotham, Fixedsys, Cooper Black.



- Designed by David Berlow and released by the Font Bureau in 1987.
-Roman, Italics, Bold, Bold Italic, Black, Black Italic.

Friday, September 3, 2010

Typography Answers 2

1. Weight - the overall thickness of strokes in relation to their height. standard weights within a family often include light, medium (regular), bold, and black or heavy weights.

2. Width - how wide the letterforms in a typeface are in relation to their height. a typeface in which the letterforms are narrower than regular is referred to as condensed or compressed; a face that is wider than regular is referred to as extended or expanded.

3. Style - A term referring to several aspects of a typeface. first, style can be divided into serif or sans serif. Second, style can be historically classified based on the visual idiosyncrasies related to its historical context. Third, style refers to the specific form variations that a designer has imposed on the letters, like neutral or stylized.

4. The point system is used to measure type. one point equals 1/72 inch or .35 millimeters. twelve points equal one pica, the unit commonly used to measure column widths. Type can also be measured inches, millimeters, or pixels. Most software applications let the designer choose a preferred unit of measure; picas and points are a standard default.

5. Point - measurement equivalent to 1/72 inch or .35 millimeters

6. Pica - measurement equivalent to twelve points

7. 1 inch = 72 points

8. If a letter is set in 36 pts it is a 1/2 inch tall

9. 1 inch = 6 picas

10. 1 pica = 12 points

11. x-height - the height of lowercase letters in proportion to the ascenders and descenders.

12. Cap height - the height of the capital letter.

13. Leading - amount of vertical spacing between lines of type.